The Cold and Fire Weapon
and Its Place in the Code of Honor
of the Chechens
© Leychiy M. Garsaev
Dr. Sci. (Ethnography, Ethnology
and Anthropology), Head, Department
of Ethnology, Institute of Humanitarian Studies,
Academy of Sciences of the Chechen Republic;
Prof., Department of the History of the Peoples
of Chechnya, Chechen State University
Аbstract: The article describes the types of cold weapon and firearms, the places of its manufacture, the manner of wearing, traditions, customs and traditions associated with weapons. It is noted that the weapons were the main value and wealth of the mountaineer, being the main decoration of the guest room. The Vainakh arsenal included guns (top), pistols (tapcha, tapancha). Reverence for arms is reflected in the Chechen proverbs and sayings. The disarmament of the highlander or the abandonment of even one of the components to the enemy was considered the most terrible humiliation for him. The author cites legends related to the rules for the use of weapon adopted in the Chechen society. It is indicated that the centuries-old habit of military campaigns helped the Chechens to appropriately adapt their clothes, footwear and weapons. Military terminology, the names of weapons and the presence of special militant taips or castes in the antiquity prove the willingness of Chechens to defend their Motherland and freedom in any conditions.
Keywords: Сold weapon, fire weapon, traditions, dagger (shalta), pistol (tapcha).
Article information: Received on November 3, 2017, signed by the print, volume 4 / 2017 on December 20, 2017, published on December 29, 2017.
Full bibliographic reference to the article: Garsaev, L. M., Kholodnoe i ognestrel’noe oruzhie i ego mesto v Kodekse chesti chechentsev (The Cold and Fire Weapon and Its Place in the Code of Honor of the Chechens), Nasledie Vekov, 2017, no. 4, pp. 77–83. URL: http://heritage-magazine.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/12/2017_4_Garsaev.pdf. Accessed Month DD, YYYY.